The two-colour velum glazes which are so characteristic of Poole
tableware date back to 1936. A Sepia and Mushroom combination (later coded C54)
was the first to be developed by Earnest Baggaley when he joined Poole
Pottery at this time. Baggaley
and John Adams went on to introduce further colour combinations. A
comprehensive list of these colours is available on at www.twintone.co.uk.
the World War II, the range was named Twintone and remained in production
right up until 1981.
The Streamline tableware to which these glazes were
originally applied was designed by John Adams and dates back to 1935. However,
the two colour glazes continued to be used on other ranges long after
Streamline was discontinued.
Click on the images to enlarge
eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C54,
Sepia and Mushroom, used from 1936-81. Mark
Freeform flower troughs
in Twintone colour scheme C103,
Lime Yellow and Seagull, used from 1957-66. Marks for 1955-59
tea service in Twintone colour scheme C95,
Indian Red and Magnolia, used from 1950-56. With marks for 1955-59. The
slightly larger breakfast cup with red saucer has the 1950-55 mark
Once let loose
Poole glazes and shapes seem to have mixed very freely. Here Twintone glazes
C57, Ice Green
and Seagull, used from 1936-81 are applied to a cruet designed, by
Tony Morris and Guy Sydenham. Mark for 1967-72.
in Twintone colour scheme C95
Indian Red and Magnolia, used from 1950-56.
shape was probably designed by Alfred Read
eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C99, Peach
Bloom and Seagull, used only between1953 and '54. Mark for 1951-55.
coffee pots pot, hot milk pot, and coffee cup, 1951-59.
largest and smallest pots have lids with the original squared finials
designed by John Adams. The middle pot shows the later circular knob as updated by Alfred Read in 1953/54.
eggcups and tray in Twintone colour scheme C96,
Ice Green and Mushroom,used from 1952-65. Egg cups and tray wit mark
Ice Green Toast Rack, designed by
Robert Jefferson in 1964
This was the first piece of Poole Pottery I
bought. It was in 2005: I wanted a toast rack and decided to have a look for one on
Ebay. What a mistake that was! But the toast rack is still in regular
use and doing a fine job at keeping the toast nice and crispy.
Click to enlarge
Twintone jam pots, Shape no.
286, designed by John adams. From left C97, Peach
Bloom and Seagull;
Ice Green and Mushroom; C102, Lime
Yellow and Moonstone Grey; C54 Sepia and Mushroom;
C104, Sky Blue and Dove Grey; and C103,
Lime Yellow and Seagull.
Click to enlarge
Streamline coffee set in Twintone Black Pebble
(C106 Alpine White and Black Panther)1959
One of Robert Jefferson's first innovations
when he joined Poole Pottery was to introduce printed patterns with
Twintone Black Pebble (C106) and Grey Pebble (C105) colourways.
The patterns were printed using the Murray Curvex machine and "gelatine
bomb" technique. Which all sounds highly technical (and
perhaps a bit messy) and I guess maybe was the reason that it was only
ever used for this one design and then only in production for 2
years. Anyway it looks great and is a classic c1960's makeover of
the Streamline/Twintone tableware - a bit like repainting/recovering
your old Edwardian furniture
replacement to Streamline tableware arrived in 1963 in the shapely form
of the Contour range designed by Robert Jefferson. This was
produced in just four Twintone combinations, and these were C54 Mushroom
and Sepia, C57 Seagull and Ice Green, C104 Dove Grey and Sky Blue and
C107 Brazil and Sweet Corn, although it was Robert
Click to enlarge
Coffee Set in Twintone colours C54 Ice Green and Seagull. Mark for
a pot to enlarge
two tall cruets are both from the Contour range, the little pink Pottery
kiln set I'm less sure about. From right to left, Twintone colour schemes C107,
Sweetcorn and Brazil used from 1965-68. Oil and Vinegar bottles with mark
for 1967-72; C97 Peach
Bloom and Seagull used from 1953-68 and C104
, Sky Blue and Dove
Grey used from1958-81.
The widget below is showing ebay
listings for Twintone that are ending now
Slip-cast v Hand-thown
tableware that Poole produced would have
been formed by a process of slip-casting. This involves the use of plaster
moulds (in two or more pieces depending on the complexity of the shape to be
cast), and liquid earthenware clay called slip. The slip is poured into a mould, and
the water within the slip is absorbed by the dry plaster. Over the course
of several hours the clay slip solidifies and once released from the mould any
rough areas on the pot (particularly along where the seams had been) would be
cleaned up by hand.
The plaster moulds would be
allowed to dry and then could be reused, although they didn't last for ever, so
a section of the factory would have been occupied in the production of these
moulds. Likewise there was also a slip room where plastic clay was
chemically treated and made into a liquid slip which was then pumped to where it
was needed around the casting department.
Although this technique would have
been used for many years within the tile works and architectural pottery at Poole,
I think that its use for domestic pottery would have coincided with the
introduction of streamline tableware in 1935, and possibly that it was the introduction
of white earthenware
clay in 1934 that allowed this technique to be used.
Traditional Poole decorative ware
had always been hand thrown. However, this slip casting technique was used
in the production of the irregular shaped Freeform
vases and non-round plates/dishes in the 1950's, and for the majority of
production subsequently, with the exception of round plates which were generally
made by a different process using a mechanised throwing machine called a "jolly".